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Epidemiology News Briefs - May 31, 2017

Checklist Intervention Program Decreases Post-Surgical Mortality Rates In South Carolina Hospitals

An interesting paper in the Annals of Surgery has reported that South Carolina hospitals voluntarily adopting a checklist based surgical quality improvement program were able to reduce post-operative mortality by 22% when compared to other hospitals in the state not participating in the program. The 30 day post-operative mortality rates were risk-adjusted and decreased from 3.4% in 2010 to 2.8%in 2013 in participating hospitals compared to 3.5% in 2010 and 3.7% in 2013 in non-participating hospitals. The authors report that similar results have been achieved by relatively small teams of surgeons but implementation on a wider scale has been limited. This study demonstrates that the checklist program may be feasible to implement on a larger scale.

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